INCEPTION REPORT: STUDY ON PROMOTING MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE IN SUPPORT OF EUROPE 2020

EUROPEAN COMMISSION | Regional and Urban Policy

DICEMBRE 2013

a cura di: Kai Böhme, Sabine Zillmer, Sofie Jæger & Frank Holstein (Spatial Foresight) Lisa Hörnström, Alex Dubois & Stefanie Lange-Scherbenske (Nordregio)

《The aim of this study on promoting multi-level governance in support of Europe 2020 is to generate lessons learned from existing experience and to stimulate the learning and transfer between regions. The study focuses on both the analysis and facilitation of transfer processes.
This is a revised version of the Inception Report of the DG Regio study on promoting multilevel governance in support of Europe 2020 Pubblicato in Report

THE SWEDISH TAX ON NITROGEN OXIDE EMISSION – LESSONS IN ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY REFORM

OECD ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY PAPER

DICEMBRE 2013

Secretary-General of the OECD

 

《Sweden was facing a serious soil acidification and water eutrophication problem caused partly by emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from combustion processes in transport, industry and power.

In 1992, Sweden introduced a high tax on NOx emissions from large combustion sources (e.g. power plants, industrial plants, waste incinerators). The tax was accompanied by a refund according to the amount of energy generated. This ensures that facilities with low NOx emission intensitites are net beneficiaries of the scheme. Continuous monitoring of emissions was also made mandatory. The tax was designed to accelerate and stimulate investment in advanced combustion and pollution-abatement technologies…